Referencing Guidelines

Referencing is the most widely accepted way to acknowledge the work done by another author, scholar or researcher on any particular topic. Referencing and formatting are important elements in academic writing. An assignment without a proper reference section will not even be accepted.  Referencing also includes in-text citations of the sources where you have to provide the author’s name and year within the text .

Following are the major referencing styles. Please familiarize yourself with all of them.

Three categories of referencing are generally used, as follows:

  1. Referencing a book
  2. Referencing a journal
  3. Referencing an online resource

About Appendix/Appendices

  1. An appendix (singular) OR appendices (plural) is all that information which is not essential to explain your findings in your essay or report.
  2. This information may be used to support your analysis and validate your conclusions
  3. Appendices are not included in the word count.  

 When to use an Appendix?

  1. Use it when the incorporation of material in the body of the work would make it poorly structured or too long and detailed.
  2. Other people’s work in the appendix will be referred to (e.g. see Appendix 2), not quoted (e.g. using short or long quotes) from the appendix.
  3. Appendices must be referred to in the body of the text, for example, ‘details of the questionnaire are given in Appendix B (on page 55)

What kind of information do you add in an appendix?

  1. Supporting information.
  2. Examples of calculations.
  3. Technical charts, tables, statistics.
  4. Description of instruments used in the research.
  5. Questionnaires and surveys.
  6. Interview transcripts.
  7. Datasheets with technical specifications.
  8. Copies of emals & letters referred to in the main text.